Gardening with natives

A current trend in garden design is to create gardens that have a sense of place. In Marcus Beach our “place” is nestled in between a number of different natural habitats that hold a wide diversity of plants.

The easiest way to create a sense of place in a garden is to use plants that grow in the area. This page describes some of the many and varied local native plants that are suitable for gardens.

The thumbnails are grouped under categories for easy reference. When you find the category you want, scroll down until you find a plant to suit your needs. Click on the name of the plant in the thumbnail to go to the blog page that has details of the plant and photos to spark your imagination.

Many of the photographs come from Marcus Beach gardens.

Ground covers and climbers
 IMG_4909Twining Guinea Flower, Hibbertia scandens
Twining Guinea Flower is a weak-stemmed scrambler and climber with a bright yellow flower (5-7 cm) followed by a distinctive red fruit. The individual stems can grow from two to five metres in length.
 PigfacePig Face, Carpobrotus glaucescens
Pig Face is a hardy, sun loving, creeping succulent with stems to two metres that root at the nodes along the stem. The plant has bright deep pink daisy-like flowers blooming mainly from October to January, which is the main growing period. 
 IMG_5146 CarnavaliaCoastal Jack Bean, Canavalia rosea
A large trailing or climbing vine found on sandy soils, Coastal Jack Bean has a pretty pink-purple pea-like flower followed by large, flattened seed pods. It has a distinctive compound leaf composed of three leaflets which makes it a particularly attractive addition to the garden.
 Yellow Buttons IMG_6850Yellow Buttons, Chrysocephalum apiculatum
Yellow Buttons, a pretty non-invasive ground cover with golden yellow flowers throughout the year, grows to 40 cm in height. It can spread to form a clump, but tends to stay small, and is not strong enough to smother more vigorous weeds.
 Hardenbergia violacea Native Sasparilla, Hardenbergia violacea
Native Sarsaparilla is a common prostate or twining vine much loved for its purple pea flowers that bloom in winter and spring. It is an ideal ground cover for a sunny area of about one to two metres per plant.
Tufted plants
IMG_2512Kangaroo Grass, Themada triandra
Kangaroo Grass is ideal for coastal areas such as Marcus Beach  because it likes acid soils with good drainage and will grow in sand as well as clay. It occurs naturally in the area.
IMG_5892River Lily, Swamp Lily, Crinum pendunculatum
As the name implies, River Lilies grow along riverbanks and in swampy areas so not surprisingly, they prefer moist soil conditions. This is the perfect plant for the edge of a large pond or an area that retains run off. it is suitable for coastal areas and can create a tropical look.
IMG_2508Creek Matt Rush, Lomandra hystrix
If you want a robust, no fuss clumping plant, Creek Matt Rush Lomandra hystrix is ideal. Growing to 1.5 m. it is usually found along creek beds, and has shiny strap-like leaves, with a weeping habit. Lomandra hystrix has tiny scented flowers in Spring and Summer.
Lomandra confertifolia
This Lomandra grows to about 50 cm in height, is relatively hardy, will tolerate full sun, can withstand dry periods, and is not prone to disease or pests. As it grows you can divide the clump and establish new plants.
IMG_3932Forest Grass Tree, Xanthorrhoea johnsonii
Starting out as a small clumping plant, the Forest Grasstree makes a stunning feature plant with its dark trunk, dense grassy head of leaves, and a woody flower spike that can grow two to three metres high.
Wallum Grass Tree, Xanthorrhoea fulva
The Wallum Grass Tree is a trunkless, tufting plant that, in its natural habitat, grows in periodically waterlogged sites on sand in coastal areas.
Sword Sedge, Gahnia aspera
A clumping plant to 80 cm with razor sharp strappy leaves and distinctive red-brown seeds on flower spikes to 25 cm Gahnia aspera occurs in Wet Eucalypt Forest. It attracts several species of butterfly
Small shrubs
 MidyimMidyim, Austromyrtus dulcis
Midyim is a scrambling shrub, often prostate, that grows to 1 m. It flowers from spring to autumn and the white flowers are followed by distinctive edible speckled white berries. The new growth has a lovely red tinge, making it a plant that has interest all year round.
 Melastoma Malbathricum IMG_6235_2Native Lassiandra, Malastoma malabathricum subsp. malabathricum
Native Lassiandra is a rounded shrub that grows to two metres high with beautiful lilac flowers to five cm across, flowering from Spring to Autumn. It has attractive rough textured leaves, and purple stems, making it an ideal feature plant that can be pruned if required.
Trees
 Allocasaurina littoralis IMG_6654Black She Oak, Allocausarina littoralis
The Black She Oak is found in coastal forests and grows to 10m on well-drained sandy soils, which makes it ideal for gardens in Marcus Beach.

Palms, Ferns and Cordylines
IMG_6125_2Cabbage Palm, Livistona australis
A very slow growing single trunked palm eventually growing to 20-30 m. Cabbage Palms grow in the rainforest, wallum woodland and wet eucalypt forest. The leaves have segments that join at the base giving them their round fan-like appearance.
IMG_5184Birds Nest Fern Asplenium australasicum
A very reliable, easily cultivated fern, the Birds Nest Fern prefers moisture, but can tolerate dry spells. The rosette of radiating fronds grows to 1.5 metres in optimum conditions.
IMG_5484Elkhorn Fern, Platycerium bifurcatum
The Elkhorn Fern is an epiphyte that grows on the trunks and branches of trees. It consists of a series of plantlets that have fronds of 25-90 cm. protruding from the base nest leaf. This nest leaf that is 12-30 cm wide attaches itself to the tree.
IMG_6078Binung Fern, Christella dentata
This soft, tufting fern with fronds from 50 cm to 1 m, grows well in partly shaded, sheltered areas. Its natural habitat is on creek banks and swampy areas so it requires moist conditions to flourish.
Maiden Hair Fern, Adiantum atrovirade
With its soft, lacy foliage and black glossy stems, Maiden Hair Fern makes a beautiful feature plant in a decorative pot.
cordyline p IMG_6806_2Palm Lily, Cordyline, Cordyline petiolaris
Cordyline petiolaris is a palm-like, upright rainforest plant that grows to 5 m. It has broad leaves, 80-120 cm long by 15 cm wide, small white flowers in Autumn and attractive red berry clusters in Summer.